Web Accessibility

Tech Talk

accessibility


Intro

Web accessibility refers to the inclusive practice of removing barriers that prevent access to websites by people with disabilities. When sites are correctly designed, developed and edited, all users have equal access to information and functionality.

The point is there are some assumptions we often make that we probably should not make because we don't know who will be accessing our site or how they will be accessing it.

Problems

Solutions

Accessibility is vital for many people.

accessibility examples


Warning

There are semester long University classes that provide a Professional Certificate in Web Accessibility, and really thick books written on accessibility.

Don't be intimidated, There are standards to guide you but it's also a mindset — be courteous and make things easy to access for all people trying to get to it.

Think Universal Design:

Universal Design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. Ron Mace, Center for Universal Design, NC State University

To design something so that it is accessible means ... all people, regardless of any impairment, interact with your content.


Standards

Laws

There is no reason we can't decide to uphold these Laws even though we are not required to.

Section 508 Of The Rehabilitation Act

(A) DEVELOPMENT, PROCUREMENT, MAINTENANCE, OR USE OF ELECTRONIC AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.--When developing, procuring, maintaining, or using electronic and information technology, each Federal department or agency, including the United States Postal Service, shall ensure, unless an undue burden would be imposed on the department or agency, that the electronic and information technology allows, regardless of the type of medium of the technology-- ... (ii) individuals with disabilities who are members of the public seeking information or services from a Federal department or agency to have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to the access to and use of the information and data by such members of the public who are not individuals with disabilities.

UN Article 9 - Accessibility

States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure to persons with disabilities access, on an equal basis with others, to ... information and communications, including information and communications technologies and systems...

Americans with Disabilities Act

The ADA is one of America's most comprehensive pieces of civil rights legislation that prohibits discrimination and guarantees that people with disabilities have the same opportunities as everyone else to participate in the mainstream of American life...

US International Council on Disabilities - Mission

To promote the rights and full participation of persons with disabilities through global engagement and United States foreign affairs.

 

W3 Standards

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0)

covers a wide range of recommendations for making Web content more accessible. WCAG 2.0 success criteria are written as testable statements that are not technology-specific.

Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)

WAI brings together people from industry, disability organizations, government, and research labs from around the world to develop guidelines and resources to help make the Web accessible to people with disabilities including auditory, cognitive, neurological, physical, speech, and visual disabilities.


Checklist


Lessons Learned (demo)

Sties that are required to meet legal standards: cdc.gov, ssa.gov


More Resources